Type of Web Hosting

There are a few type of web hosting that  can be chosen for use to host a world wide web site. Good selection of web hosting type will increase performance, reduce downtime, maximize speed loading, etc. We have done a quick research regarding this and found the following type of web hosting available:

  • Free web hosting service
  • Shared web hosting service
  • Reseller web hosting
  • Virtual Dedicated Server
  • Dedicated hosting service
  • Managed hosting service
  • Colocation web hosting service
  • Cloud hosting
  • Grid hosting
  • Home server
  • Reseller web hosting
  • Reseller web hosting

Free web hosting service
Offered by several hosting companies with limited services, sometimes supported by advertisements, and often limited when compared to paid hosting. The free web hosting normally offered as a strategy to build network in order to promote their paid hosting package.

Shared web hosting service
Shared hosting is one of the famous type used by the small website. The website is placed on the same server with many other sites, ranging from a few to hundreds or thousands. Typically, all domains may share a common pool of server resources, such as RAM and the CPU and also the internet protocol (IP). The features available with this type of service can be quite basic and not flexible in terms of software and updates. Resellers often sell shared web hosting and web companies often have reseller accounts to provide hosting for their clients.

Reseller web hosting
Reseller web hosting allows clients to become web hosts themselves without having to manage server themselves. Resellers could function, for individual domains, under any combination of these listed types of hosting, depending on who they are affiliated with as a reseller. Resellers’ accounts may vary tremendously in size: they may have their own virtual dedicated server to a co-located server. Many resellers provide a nearly identical service to their provider’s shared hosting plan and provide the technical support themselves.

Virtual Dedicated Server
Also known as a Virtual Private Server (VPS), virtual dedicated server divides server resources into virtual servers, where resources can be allocated in a way that does not directly reflect the underlying hardware. VPS will often be allocated resources based on a one server to many VPSs relationship, however virtualisation may be done for a number of reasons, including the ability to move a VPS container between servers. The users may have root access to their own virtual space. Customers are sometimes responsible for patching and maintaining the server.

Dedicated hosting service
Dedicated hosting service is a devote service that the user gets his or her own Web server and gains full control over it. They will have  root access for Linux or administrator access for Windows server. However, the user typically does not own the server. Another type of Dedicated hosting is Self-Managed or Unmanaged. This is usually the least expensive for Dedicated plans. The user has full administrative access to the server, which means the client is responsible for the security and maintenance of his own dedicated server.

Managed Hosting service
Managed hosting service is type of hosting that leased server to the client. The user gets his or her own Web server but is not allowed full control over it (user is denied root access for Linux/administrator access for Windows); however, they are allowed to manage their data via FTP or other remote management tools. The user is disallowed full control so that the provider can guarantee quality of service by not allowing the user to modify the server or potentially create configuration problems. The user typically does not own the server.

Co-location web hosting service
Co-location web hosting is similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user owns the server, normally called colo. The hosting company provides physical space that the server takes up and takes care of the server. This is the most powerful and expensive type of web hosting service. In most cases, the co-location provider may provide little to no support directly for their client’s machine, providing only the electrical, Internet access, and storage facilities for the server. In most cases for colo, the client would have his own administrator visit the data center on site to do any hardware upgrades or changes. Formerly, many co-location providers would accept any system configuration for hosting, even ones housed in desktop-style minitower cases, but most hosts now require rack mount enclosures and standard system configurations.

Cloud hosting
Cloud hosting is a new type of hosting platform that allows customers have a powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on clustered load-balanced servers and utility billing. A cloud hosted website may be more reliable than alternatives since other computers in the cloud can compensate when a single piece of hardware goes down. Also, local power disruptions or even natural disasters are less problematic for cloud hosted sites, as cloud hosting is decentralized. Cloud hosting also allows providers to charge users only for resources consumed by the user, rather than a flat fee for the amount the user expects they will use, or a fixed cost upfront hardware investment. Alternatively, the lack of centralization may give users less control on where their data is located which could be a problem for users with data security or privacy concerns.

Clustered hosting
Clustered hosting is the service where the web have multiple servers hosting the same content for better resource utilization. Clustered Servers are a perfect solution for high-availability dedicated hosting, or creating a scalable web hosting solution. A cluster may separate web serving from database hosting capability. (Usually Web hosts use Clustered Hosting for their Shared hosting plans, as there are multiple benefits to the mass managing of clients).

Grid hosting
Grid hosting is the form of distributed hosting when a clustered server acts like a grid and is composed of multiple nodes.

Home server
Home server is the basic hosting usually use a single machine placed in a private residence can be used to host one or more web sites from a usually consumer-grade broadband connection. These can be purpose-built machines or more commonly old PCs. Some ISPs actively attempt to block home servers by disallowing incoming requests to TCP port 80 of the user’s connection and by refusing to provide static IP addresses. A common way to attain a reliable DNS host name is by creating an account with a dynamic DNS service. A dynamic DNS service will automatically change the IP address that a URL points to when the IP address changes.

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